A Discussion of the Message of Musa

From this point, Allah begins to mention the story of Musa, how revelation began to come to Him, and Allah's speaking directly to him. This occurred after Musa had completed the time agreed upon between he and his father-in-law that he would herd sheep. He was traveling with his family, and it has been said that he was headed for the land of Egypt, after having been away from it for more than ten years. He had his wife with him and he became lost on the way during a cold, wintery night. Therefore, he settled down, making a camp between some mountain passes and mountains that were covered with snow, sleet, dense clouds, darkness and fog. He began to try to make a fire with a kindling device he had with him, in order to produce some light, as was customary. However, it would not kindle anything and it even stopped giving off sparks. While he was in this condition, he saw a fire from the side of the mountain. It appeared to him to be a fire glowing from the right side of the mountain from where he was. He then announced the good news to his family saying,

﴿إِنِّى ءَانَسْتُ نَاراً لَّعَلِّى آتِيكُمْ مِّنْهَا بِقَبَسٍ﴾

(Verily, I have seen a fire; perhaps I can bring you some burning brand) This means a flame from a fire. In another Ayah he said,

﴿أَوْ جَذْوَةٍ مِّنَ النَّارِ﴾

(or a burning firebrand.) ﴿28:29﴾) This is a coal that has a burning flame.

﴿لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَصْطَلُونَ﴾

(that you may warm yourselves. ) ﴿28:29﴾ This proves that it was in fact cold weather at that time. Concerning his statement,

﴿بِقَبَسٍ﴾

(some burning brand) This proves that it was dark. In reference to his statement,

﴿أَوْ أَجِدُ عَلَى النَّارِ هُدًى﴾

(or find some guidance at the fire.) This means someone who can guide me to the road. This proves that he lost the road. This is as Ath-Thawri reported from Abu Sa`id Al-A`war, from `Ikrimah, from Ibn `Abbas that he said concerning Allah's statement,

﴿أَوْ أَجِدُ عَلَى النَّارِ هُدًى﴾

(or find some guidance at the fire.) "This means someone who will guide me to the road. They were cold and had lost their way. Then, when he (Musa) saw the fire he said, `Either I will find someone who can guide us to the road, or at least I can bring you all some fire that you can kindle with.' ''

﴿فَلَمَّآ أَتَاهَا نُودِىَ يمُوسَى - إِنِّى أَنَاْ رَبُّكَ فَاخْلَعْ نَعْلَيْكَ إِنَّكَ بِالْوَادِ الْمُقَدَّسِ طُوًى - وَأَنَا اخْتَرْتُكَ فَاسْتَمِعْ لِمَا يُوحَى - إِنَّنِى أَنَا اللَّهُ لا إِلَـهَ إِلا أَنَاْ فَاعْبُدْنِى وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَوةَ لِذِكْرِى - إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ ءَاتِيَةٌ أَكَادُ أُخْفِيهَا لِتُجْزَى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا تَسْعَى - فَلاَ يَصُدَّنَّكَ عَنْهَا مَن لاَّ يُؤْمِنُ بِهَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ فَتَرْدَى ﴾

(11. And when he came to it (the fire), he was called by name: "O Musa!'') (12. "Verily, I am your Lord! So take off your shoes; you are in the sacred valley, Tuwa.'') (13. "And I have chosen you. So listen to that which will be revealed (to you)'') (14. "Verily, I am Allah! There is no God but Me, so worship Me, and perform Salah for My remembrance.'') (15. "Verily, the Hour is coming -- and I am almost hiding it -- that every person may be rewarded for that which he strives.'') (16. "Therefore, let not the one who believes not therein, but follows his own lusts, divert you therefrom, lest you perish.'')