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Allah's Prophet Ya`qub receives the Grievous News Print E-mail

Allah's Prophet Ya`qub repeated to his children the same words he said to them when they brought false blood on Yusuf' shirt,

﴿بَلْ سَوَّلَتْ لَكُمْ أَنفُسُكُمْ أَمْرًا فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ﴾

(Nay, but your own selves have beguiled you into something. So patience is most fitting (for me).) Muhammad bin Ishaq said, "When they went back to Ya`qub and told him what happened, he did not believe them and thought that this was a repetition of what they did to Yusuf. So he said,

﴿بَلْ سَوَّلَتْ لَكُمْ أَنفُسُكُمْ أَمْرًا فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ﴾

(Nay, but your own selves have beguiled you into something. So patience is most fitting (for me).) Some said that since this new development came after what they did before ﴿to Yusuf﴾, they were given the same judgement to this later incident that was given to them when they did what they did ﴿to Yusuf﴾. Therefore, Ya`qub's statement here is befitting,

﴿بَلْ سَوَّلَتْ لَكُمْ أَنفُسُكُمْ أَمْرًا فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ﴾

(Nay, but your own selves have beguiled you into something. So patience is most fitting (for me).) He then begged Allah to bring back his three sons: Yusuf, Binyamin and Rubil to him.'' Rubil had remained in Egypt awaiting Allah's decision about his case, either his father's permission ordering him to go back home, or to secure the release of his brother in confidence. This is why Ya`qub said,

﴿عَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَأْتِيَنِى بِهِمْ جَمِيعًا إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَلِيمُ﴾

(May be Allah will bring them (back) all to me. Truly, He! Only He is All-Knowing,), in my distress,

﴿الْحَكِيمُ﴾

(the All-Wise), in His decisions and the decree and preordainment He appoints. Allah said next,

﴿وَتَوَلَّى عَنْهُمْ وَقَالَ يأَسَفَا عَلَى يُوسُفَ﴾

(And he turned away from them and said: "Alas, my grief for Yusuf!'') He turned away from his children and remembered his old grief for Yusuf,

﴿يأَسَفَا عَلَى يُوسُفَ﴾

(Alas, my grief for Yusuf!) The new grief, losing Binyamin and Rubil, renewed his old sadness that he kept to himself. `Abdur-Razzaq narrated that Ath-Thawri said that Sufyan Al-`Usfuri said that Sa`id bin Jubayr said, "Only this nation ﴿the following of Prophet Muhammad ﴾ were given Al-Istirja'. Have you not heard the statement of Ya`qub, peace be upon him,

﴿يأَسَفَا عَلَى يُوسُفَ وَابْيَضَّتْ عَيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْحُزْنِ فَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ﴾

("Alas, my grief for Yusuf !'' And he lost his sight because of the sorrow that he was suppressing. )'' Ya`qub suppressed his sorrow and did not complain to a created being, according to Qatadah and other scholars. Ad-Dahhak also commented, "Ya`qub was aggrieved, sorrowful and sad.'' Ya`qub's children felt pity for him and said, while feeling sorrow and compassion,

﴿تَالله تَفْتَأُ تَذْكُرُ يُوسُفَ﴾

(By Allah! You will never cease remembering Yusuf), `you will keep remembering Yusuf,

﴿حَتَّى تَكُونَ حَرَضاً﴾

(until you become weak with old age,), until your strength leaves you,'

﴿أَوْ تَكُونَ مِنَ الْهَـلِكِينَ﴾

(or until you be of the dead.) They said, `if you continue like this, we fear for you that you might die of grief,'

﴿قَالَ إِنَّمَآ أَشْكُو بَثِّى وَحُزْنِى إِلَى اللَّهِ﴾

(He said: "I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah.'') When they said these words to him, Ya`qub said,

﴿إِنَّمَآ أَشْكُو بَثِّى وَحُزْنِى﴾

`(I only complain of my grief and sorrow) for the afflictions that struck me,

﴿إِلَى اللَّهِ﴾

(to Allah, ) alone,

﴿وَأَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ﴾

(and I know from Allah that which you know not.) I anticipate from Allah each and every type of goodness.' Ibn `Abbas commented on the meaning of,

﴿وَأَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ﴾

(and I know from Allah that which you know not.) "The vision that Yusuf saw is truthful and Allah will certainly make it come true.''

﴿قَالَ بَلْ سَوَّلَتْ لَكُمْ أَنفُسُكُمْ أَمْراً فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ عَسَى اللّهُ أَن يَأْتِيَنِي بِهِمْ جَمِيعاً إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَلِيمُ ﴾

(83. [Jacob] said, "Rather, your souls have enticed you to something, so patience is most fitting. Perhaps Allah will bring them to me all together. Indeed it is He who is the Knowing, the Wise.")

﴿وَتَوَلَّى عَنْهُمْ وَقَالَ يَا أَسَفَى عَلَى يُوسُفَ وَابْيَضَّتْ عَيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْحُزْنِ فَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ﴾

(84. And he turned away from them and said, "Oh, my sorrow over Joseph," and his eyes became white from grief, for he was [of that] a suppressor.)

﴿قَالُواْ تَالله تَفْتَأُ تَذْكُرُ يُوسُفَ حَتَّى تَكُونَ حَرَضاً أَوْ تَكُونَ مِنَ الْهَالِكِينَ﴾

(85. They said, "By Allah , you will not cease remembering Joseph until you become fatally ill or become of those who perish.")

﴿قَالَ إِنَّمَا أَشْكُو بَثِّي وَحُزْنِي إِلَى اللّهِ وَأَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللّهِ مَا لاَ تَعْلَمُونَ ﴾

(86. He said, "I only complain of my suffering and my grief to Allah , and I know from Allah that which you do not know.)

﴿يبَنِىَّ اذْهَبُواْ فَتَحَسَّسُواْ مِن يُوسُفَ وَأَخِيهِ وَلاَ تَايْـَسُواْ مِن رَّوْحِ اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لاَ يَايْـَسُ مِن رَّوْحِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ الْقَوْمُ الْكَـفِرُونَ - فَلَمَّا دَخَلُواْ عَلَيْهِ قَالُواْ يأَيُّهَا الْعَزِيزُ مَسَّنَا وَأَهْلَنَا الضُّرُّ وَجِئْنَا بِبِضَاعَةٍ مُّزْجَاةٍ فَأَوْفِ لَنَا الْكَيْلَ وَتَصَدَّقْ عَلَيْنَآ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَجْزِى الْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ ﴾

(87. "O my sons! Go you and inquire about Yusuf and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah's mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allah's mercy, except the people who disbelieve.'') (88. Then, when they entered unto him, they said: "O `Aziz! A hard time has hit us and our family, and we have brought but poor capital, so pay us full measure and be charitable to us. Truly, Allah does reward the charitable.'')

 
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