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Yusuf's Brothers stand before Him Print E-mail

Allah said next,

﴿فَلَمَّا دَخَلُواْ عَلَيْهِ﴾

(Then, when they entered unto him), when they went back to Egypt and entered upon Yusuf,

﴿قَالُواْ يأَيُّهَا الْعَزِيزُ مَسَّنَا وَأَهْلَنَا الضُّرُّ﴾

(they said: "O Aziz! A hard time has hit us and our family...''), because of severe droughts and the scarcity of food,

﴿وَجِئْنَا بِبِضَاعَةٍ مُّزْجَاةٍ﴾

(and we have brought but poor capital,) means, `we brought money for the food we want to buy, but it is not substantial,' according to Mujahid, Al-Hasan and several others. Allah said that they said next,

﴿فَأَوْفِ لَنَا الْكَيْلَ﴾

(so pay us full measure) meaning, `in return for the little money we brought, give us the full measure that you gave us before.' Ibn Mas`ud read this Ayah in a way that means, "So give the full load on our animals and be charitable with us.'' Ibn Jurayj commented, "So be charitable to us by returning our brother to us.'' And when Sufyan bin `Uyaynah was asked if the Sadaqah (charity) was prohibited for any Prophet before our Prophet , he said, "Have you not heard the Ayah,

﴿فَأَوْفِ لَنَا الْكَيْلَ وَتَصَدَّقْ عَلَيْنَآ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَجْزِى الْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ﴾

(so pay us full measure and be charitable to us. Truly, Allah does reward the charitable.)'' Ibn Jarir At-Tabari collected this statement.

﴿قَالَ هَلْ عَلِمْتُمْ مَّا فَعَلْتُم بِيُوسُفَ وَأَخِيهِ إِذْ أَنتُمْ جَـهِلُونَ - قَالُواْ أَءِنَّكَ لاّنتَ يُوسُفُ قَالَ أَنَاْ يُوسُفُ وَهَـذَا أَخِى قَدْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَآ إِنَّهُ مَن يَتَّقِ وَيِصْبِرْ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ - قَالُواْ تَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ آثَرَكَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا وَإِن كُنَّا لَخَـطِئِينَ - قَالَ لاَ تَثْرَيبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْيَوْمَ يَغْفِرُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَهُوَ أَرْحَمُ الرَحِمِينَ ﴾

(89. He said: "Do you know what you did with Yusuf and his brother, when you were ignorant'') (90. They said: "Are you indeed Yusuf'' He said: "I am Yusuf , and this is my brother. Allah has indeed been gracious to us. He who has Taqwa, and is patient, then surely, Allah makes not the reward of the gooddoers to be lost.'') (91. They said: "By Allah! Indeed Allah has preferred you above us, and we certainly have been sinners.'') (92. He said: "No reproach on you this day; may Allah forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!)

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