|Zakariyya and Yahya|
Allah tells us of His servant Zakariyya, who asked Allah to grant him a son who would be a Prophet after him. The story has already been given in detail at the beginning of Surah Maryam and also in Surah `Imran. Here an abbreviated version is given.
﴿إِذْ نَادَى رَبَّهُ﴾
(when he cried to his Lord) means, in secret, hiding it from his people.
﴿رَبِّ لاَ تَذَرْنِى فَرْداً﴾
(O My Lord! Leave me not single,) means, with no child and no heir to stand among the people after me.
﴿وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْوَرِثِينَ﴾
(though You are the Best of the inheritors.) This is a supplication and form of praise befitting the topic. Allah says:
﴿فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ يَحْيَى وَأَصْلَحْنَا لَهُ زَوْجَهُ﴾
(So We answered his call, and We bestowed upon him Yahya, and cured his wife for him.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and Sa`id bin Jubayr said: "She was barren and never had a child, then she gave birth.''
﴿إِنَّهُمْ كَانُواْ يُسَارِعُونَ فِى الْخَيْرَتِ﴾
(Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds,) means, acts of worship and acts of obedience towards Allah.
﴿وَيَدْعُونَنَا رَغَباً وَرَهَباً﴾
(and they used to call on Us with hope and fear,) Ath-Thawri said, "Hoping for that (reward) which is with Us and fearing that (punishment) which is with Us.''
﴿وَكَانُواْ لَنَا خـشِعِينَ﴾
(and they were Khashi`in before Us.) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that this means, sincerely believing in that which was revealed by Allah. Mujahid said: "Truly believing.'' Abu Al-`Aliyah said: "Fearing.'' Abu Sinan said: "Khushu` means the fear which should never leave our hearts.'' It was also reported from Mujahid that the Khashi`in are those who are humble.'' Al-Hasan, Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak said, "The Khashi`in are those who humble themselves before Allah.'' All of these suggestions are close in meaning.
(91. And she who guarded her chastity, We breathed into her through Our Ruh, and We made her and her son a sign for nations.)
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