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`Isa and Maryam Print E-mail

Allah tells us about His servant and Messenger `Isa bin Maryam, peace be upon them both, and that He made them as a sign for mankind, i.e., definitive proof of His ability to do what He wills. For He created Adam without a father or a mother, He created Hawwa' from a male without a female, and He created `Isa from a female without a male, but He created the rest of mankind from both male and female.

﴿وَءَاوَيْنَـهُمَآ إِلَى رَبْوَةٍ ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(and We gave them refuge on high ground, a place of rest, security and flowing streams.) Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn `Abbas said: "Ar-Rabwah is a raised portion of land, which is the best place for vegetation to grow.'' This was also the view of Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah. Ibn `Abbas said,

﴿ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ﴾

(Dhat Qarar)"A fertile place.

﴿وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(and Ma`in) means water running on the surface.'' This was also the view of Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah. Mujahid said: "A level hill.'' Sa`id bin Jubayr said that

﴿ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(Dhat Qarar and Ma`in) means that water was flowing gently through it. Mujahid and Qatadah said:

﴿وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(and Ma`in ) "Running water.'' Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib:

﴿وَءَاوَيْنَـهُمَآ إِلَى رَبْوَةٍ ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(and We gave them refuge on a Rabwah, Dhat Qarar and Ma`in.) "It is Damascus.'' He said; "Something similar was also narrated from `Abdullah bin Salam, Al-Hasan, Zayd bin Aslam and Khalid bin Ma`dan.'' Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from `Ikrimah from Ibn `Abbas that this Ayah referred to the rivers of Damascus. Layth bin Abi Sulaym narrated from Mujahid that the words;

﴿وَءَاوَيْنَـهُمَآ إِلَى رَبْوَةٍ﴾

(and We gave them refuge on a Rabwah,) referred to `Isa bin Maryam and his mother when they sought refuge in Damascus and the flatlands around it. `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Abu Hurayrah said:

﴿إِلَى رَبْوَةٍ ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(on a Rabwah, Dhat Qarar and Ma`in.), "It is Ramlah in Palestine.'' The most correct opinion on this matter is that which was reported by Al-`Awfi from Ibn `Abbas, who said;

﴿وَءَاوَيْنَـهُمَآ إِلَى رَبْوَةٍ ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(and We gave them refuge on a Rabwah, Dhat Qarar and Ma`in.) "Ma`in refers to running water, and is the river of which Allah mentioned:

﴿قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِيّاً﴾

(your Lord has provided a water stream under you.)''﴿19:24﴾ Ad-Dahhak and Qatadah said;

﴿إِلَى رَبْوَةٍ ذَاتِ قَرَارٍ وَمَعِينٍ﴾

(on a high ground, a place of rest, security and flowing streams.) refers to Jerusalem. This -- and Allah knows best -- is the most apparent meaning, because it is mentio- ned in the other Ayah, and parts of the Qur'an explain other parts, so it is more appropriate to interpret it by another Ayah, then the Sahih Hadiths, then other reports.

﴿يأَيُّهَا الرُّسُلُ كُلُواْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَـتِ وَاعْمَلُواْ صَـلِحاً إِنِّى بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ عَلِيمٌ - وَإِنَّ هَـذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَحِدَةً وَأَنَاْ رَبُّكُمْ فَاتَّقُونِ - فَتَقَطَّعُواْ أَمْرَهُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ زُبُراً كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ - فَذَرْهُمْ فِى غَمْرَتِهِمْ حَتَّى حِينٍ - أَيَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّمَا نُمِدُّهُمْ بِهِ مِن مَّالٍ وَبَنِينَ - نُسَارِعُ لَهُمْ فِى الْخَيْرَتِ بَل لاَّ يَشْعُرُونَ ﴾

(51. O Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibat and do righteous deeds. Verily, I am Well-Acquainted with what you do.) (52. And verily, this your religion is one religion, and I am your Lord, so have Taqwa.'') (53. But they have broken their religion among them into sects, each group rejoicing in what is with it.) (54. So, leave them in their error for a time.) (55. Do they think that in wealth and children with which We prolong them) (56. We hasten unto them with good things. Nay, but they perceive not.)

 
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