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The Threat of Iblis to tempt Mankind, and Allah's Promise of Hell for him Print E-mail


Allah informed about the rebellion and arrogance of Iblis, in that he said to the Lord:


﴿بِمَآ أَغْوَيْتَنِى﴾


(Because You misled me,) i.e., because You misled me and misguided me.


﴿لأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ﴾


(I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them) meaning, for the progeny of Adam.


﴿فِى الاٌّرْضِ﴾


(on the earth,) meaning - I will make sin dear to them, and will encourage, provoke and harass them to commit sin.


﴿وَلأُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ﴾


(and I shall mislead them all.) meaning - just as You have misled me and have ordained that for me.


﴿إِلاَّ عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ ﴾


(Except Your chosen, (guided) servants among them.) This is like the Ayah:


﴿أَرَءَيْتَكَ هَـذَا الَّذِى كَرَّمْتَ عَلَىَّ لَئِنْ أَخَّرْتَنِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَـمَةِ لأَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ إَلاَّ قَلِيلاً﴾


("Do you see this one whom You have honored above me, if You give me respite until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring, all but a few!'') (17:62).




((Allah) said), i.e., threatening and warning Iblis.


﴿هَذَا صِرَطٌ عَلَىَّ مُسْتَقِيمٌ﴾


(This is the way which will lead straight to Me.) means, `all of you will return to Me, and I will reward or punish you according to your deeds: if they are good then I will reward you, and if they are bad then I will punish you.' This is like the Ayah:


﴿إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَبِالْمِرْصَادِ ﴾


(Verily, your Lord is ever watchful.) (89:14) and


﴿وَعَلَى اللَّهِ قَصْدُ السَّبِيلِ﴾


(And it is up to Allah to show the right way.) (16:9)


﴿إِنَّ عِبَادِى لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَـنٌ﴾


(Certainly, you shall have no authority over My servants) meaning, `you will have no way to reach those for whom I have decreed guidance.'


﴿إِلاَّ مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ﴾


(except those of the astray who follow you.) Ibn Jarir mentioned that Yazid bin Qusayt said: "The Prophets used to have Masjids outside their cities, and if a Prophet wanted to consult with his Lord about something, he would go out to his place of worship and pray as Allah decreed. Then he would ask Him about whatever was concerning him. Once while a Prophet was in his place of worship, the enemy of Allah - meaning Iblis - came and sat between him and the Qiblah (direction of prayer). The Prophet said, `I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan.' ﴿The enemy of Allah said, `Do you know who you are seeking refuge from Here he is!' The Prophet said, `I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan'﴾, and he repeated that three times. Then the enemy of Allah said, `Tell me about anything in which you will be saved from me.' The Prophet twice said, `No, you tell me about something in which you can overpower the son of Adam' Each of them was insisting that the other answer first, then the Prophet said, Allah says,


﴿إِنَّ عِبَادِى لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَـنٌ إِلاَّ مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ ﴾


(Certainly, you shall have no authority over My servants, except those of the astray who follow you.) The enemy of Allah said, `I heard this before you were even born.' The Prophet said, `And Allah says,


﴿وَإِمَّا يَنَزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَـنِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴾


(And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaytan then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing) (7: 200). By Allah, I never sense that you are near but I seek refuge with Allah from you.' The enemy of Allah said, `You have spoken the truth. In this way you will be saved from me.' The Prophet said, `Tell me in what ways you overpower the son of Adam.' He said, `I seize him at times of anger and times of desire.'


﴿وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمَوْعِدُهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ ﴾


(And surely, Hell is the place promised for them all.) meaning, Hell is the abode designated for all those who follow Iblis, as Allah says in the Qur'an:


﴿وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِهِ مِنَ الاٌّحْزَابِ فَالنَّارُ مَوْعِدُهُ﴾


(but those of the sects (Jews, Christians and all the other non-Muslim nations) that reject it (the Qur'an), the Fire will be their promised meeting place.)(11:17)


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