|Between Fir`awn and the Sorcerers|
His threats against them resulted only in an increase in their faith and submission to Allah, for the veil of disbelief had been lifted from their hearts and the truth became clear to them because they knew something that their people did not: that what Musa had done could not have been done by any human being unless Allah helped him, making it proof and an evidence of the truth of what he had brought from his Lord. Then Fir`awn said to them:
﴿ءَامَنتُمْ لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ ءَاذَنَ لَكُمْ﴾
(You have believed in him before I give you leave.) meaning, `you should have asked my permission for what you did, and you did not consult with me; if I had given you permission you could have done it, and if I did not allow you, you should not have done it, for I am the ruler and the one to be obeyed.'
﴿إِنَّهُ لَكَبِيرُكُمُ الَّذِى عَلَّمَكُمُ السِّحْرَ﴾
(Surely, he indeed is your chief, who has taught you magic!) This is stubborn talk, and anyone can see that it is nonsense, for they had never met Musa before that day, so how could he have been their chief who taught them how to do magic No rational person would say this. Then Fir`awn threatened to cut off their hands and feet, and crucify them. They said:
(No harm!) meaning, `no problem, that will not harm us and we do not care.'
﴿إِنَّآ إِلَى رَبِّنَا مُنقَلِبُونَ﴾
(Surely, to our Lord we are to return.) means, `the return of us all is to Allah, may He be glorified, and He will never allow the reward of anyone who has done good to be lost. What you have done to us is not hidden from Him, and He will reward us in full for that.' So they said:
﴿إِنَّا نَطْمَعُ أَن يَغْفِرَ لَنَا رَبُّنَا خَطَـيَـنَآ﴾
(Verily, we really hope that our Lord will forgive us our sins,) `the sins we have committed and the magic you forced us to do.'
﴿أَن كُنَّآ أَوَّلَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ﴾
(as we are the first of the believers,) means, because we are the first of our people, the Egyptians, to believe. So he killed them all.
﴿وَأَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَى مُوسَى أَنْ أَسْرِ بِعِبَادِى إِنَّكُم مّتَّبِعُونَ - فَأَرْسَلَ فِرْعَونُ فِى الْمَدَآئِنِ حَـشِرِينَ - إِنَّ هَـؤُلاءِ لَشِرْذِمَةٌ قَلِيلُونَ - وَإِنَّهُمْ لَنَا لَغَآئِظُونَ - وَإِنَّا لَجَمِيعٌ حَـذِرُونَ - فَأَخْرَجْنَـهُمْ مِّن جَنَّـتٍ وَعُيُونٍ - وَكُنُوزٍ وَمَقَامٍ كَرِيمٍ - كَذَلِكَ وَأَوْرَثْنَـهَا بَنِى إِسْرَءِيلَ ﴾
(52. And We revealed to Musa, saying: "Depart by night with My servants, verily, you will be pursued.'') (53. Then Fir`awn sent callers to (all) the cities.) (54. (Saying): "Verily, these indeed are but a small band.'') (55. "And verily, they have done what has enraged us.'') (56. "But we are a host all assembled, amply forewarned.'') (57. So, We expelled them from gardens and springs,) (58. Treasures, and every kind of honorable place.) (59. Thus and We caused the Children of Israel to inherit them.)
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