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This is the description of the believers from whom Allah has purchased their souls and wealth ... Print E-mail
This is the description of the believers from whom Allah has purchased their souls and wealth, who have these beautiful and honorable qualities,

﴿التَّـئِبُونَ﴾

(who repent) from all sins and shun all evils,

﴿الْعَـبِدُونَ﴾

(who worship), their Lord and preserve the acts of worship that include statements and actions. Praising Allah is among the best statements. This is why Allah said next,

﴿الْحَـمِدُونَ﴾

(who praise (Him)). Fasting is among the best actions, involving abstaining from the delights of food, drink and sexual intercourse, this is the meaning hereby,

﴿السَّـئِحُونَ﴾

(As-Sa'ihun (who fast)) ﴿9: 112﴾. Allah also described the Prophet's wives that they are,

﴿سَـئِحَـتٍ﴾

(Sa'ihat) ﴿66:5﴾, meaning, they fast. As for prostrating and bowing down, they are acts of the prayer,

﴿الرَكِعُونَ السَّـجِدونَ﴾

(who bow down, who prostrate themselves,) These believers also benefit Allah's creation and direct them to His obedience by ordaining righteousness and forbidding evil. They have knowledge about what should be performed and what should be shunned. This includes abiding by Allah's limits in knowledge and action, meaning, what He allowed and what He prohibited. Therefore, they worship the True Lord and advise creation. This is why Allah said next,

﴿وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ﴾

(And give glad tidings to the believers.) since faith includes all of this, and the supreme success is for those who have faith.

﴿مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِىِّ وَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ أَن يَسْتَغْفِرُواْ لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُواْ أُوْلِى قُرْبَى مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَـبُ الْجَحِيمِ - وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَهِيمَ لاًّبِيهِ إِلاَّ عَن مَّوْعِدَةٍ وَعَدَهَآ إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ لِلَّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ إِنَّ إِبْرَهِيمَ لأَوَّاهٌ حَلِيمٌ ﴾

(113. It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah's forgiveness for the Mushrikin, even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief).) (114. And Ibrahim's invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he ﴿Ibrahim﴾ had made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him ﴿Ibrahim﴾ that he (his father) is an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily, Ibrahim was Awwah and forbearing.)

 
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